(Top - nomal - normal)
(Middle - Entzündung - inflammation)
(Bottom - Krebs - cancer)
The prostate is an exocrine gland situated unter the male bladder and about the size of a chestnut. It encloses the urethra directly after its exit from the bladder.
The prostate produces part of the ejaculate (fluids) which is excreted into the prostatic part of the urethra through the prostatic utriculi.
Cranially it touches the bladder and caudally the pelvic floor and dorsally the rectum.
On the right side of the picture the seminal vesicle (that in reality also exists on the left side) is visible.
There are benign alterations of the prostate, for example the benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and inflammations (middle picture) and malignant illnesses - the prostate cancer (bottom picture).
Prostate cancer originates in the peripheral zone of the glandular tissue and is the most commen cancer in older men (40 years and older). Because formation often occurs far from the urethra it often goes undetexted for a long time, because urine drainage problems only occur in advanced states.
The earlier the cancer is detexted, the bigger the chance of complete remission, which is why early detection screening in regular intervals are useful.
(nomal BPH comparison)