Labelled 3D illustration of a cell with stylized cell organelles. It schematically shows the procedure of translation at a ribosome. It also shows ribosomal RNA (rRNA), that`s primarily found in the cytoplasm. The nucleotide sequence of the genetic information in the mRNA is translated into an amino acid sequence of a gene-specific polypeptide for protein biosynthesis. Enzymes connect the amino acids, with each one specific tRNA form with the fitting base triplet (anticodon), to specific aminoacyl tRNA forms, that are temporarily connected to them via H-bridges between anticodon and complementary mRNA codon. This way, the amino acids are arranged consecutively according to the codon sequence. The ribosomes, where the translation takes place, also mediate the peptide bond between consecutive amino acids.