Eosinophilic esophagitis (2)
Different mechanisms can cause an esophagitis:
Reflux of gastric acid is the most common cause. It is called refluxesophagitis. The aggressive acid of the stomach attacks the mucosa. In a lot of cases excessive production of gastric acid is responsible.
Alcoholism is another common cause. Frequent consumption of high percentage alcohol attacks the mucosa
Infections can also be the cause, usually it is caused by herpes viruses (mainly in HIV positive patients), cytomegalie virus or fungus of the candida species