There are a lot of couples that want to have children but all their efforts bring no result. Some of them get discouraged and stop trying to conceive while others look for all the possible ways out. If you have the same issue, there is no need to blame each other.
There is a tendency to blame a woman that can’t get pregnant. The reality is that in about a third of cases, infertility is present in women. In another third of cases, men are infertile. The rest of the time, both partners have fertility problems or the cause can't be found. Today, we will tell you about five uterine conditions that can affect female fertility.
Endometriosis tends to be one of the most common causes of female infertility. It develops when the inner lining of the uterus (the endometrium) overgrowth and starts to spread outside the uterus. In most cases, endometriosis affects the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and bladder but the intestines and other pelvic organs are also at risk.
When endometriosis advances, it attaches the pelvic organs to each other. As a result, women with this condition may experience fertility issues due to the blocked reproductive organs, pain during sex, and severe cramping during periods. However, women with the initial stages of endometriosis may experience more severe symptoms, the women with advanced endometriosis.
Adenomyosis has some similar features to endometriosis. However, adenomyosis occurs when the endometrium doesn’t grow outside the uterus but grows into the uterine walls. As a result, a woman with this condition may have heavy periods and severe cramps.
Unfortunately, women with adenomyosis have small chances to get pregnant. Moreover, the risk of miscarriage increases if the woman fad this condition. The reality is that adenomyosis interferes with sperm transportation. However, timely and proper treatment may help manage the symptoms of this condition and increase your chances to get pregnant.
Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that grow from the muscular tissue of the uterus. Despite the fact that many women with fibroids can get pregnant and carry a baby successfully, some women with this condition can still experience fertility issues. When fibroids block the cervix or fallopian tubes, sperm simply can’t reach the egg for fertilization.
Moreover, uterine fibroids can cause pain during sex and spotting. As a result, some women may refuse to have sex and this will also reduce her chances to get pregnant. Fibroid removal can clear the passage for sperm and make the pregnancy more attainable.
Uterine polyps are also often confused with uterine fibroids due to their appearance. However. Polyps appear as a result of endometrium overgrowth. They can also cover the passage for sperm and make sex less comfortable especially if they protrude through the cervix.
In most cases, polyps are non-cancerous but in five percent of women with uterine polyps, they can turn cancerous. That’s why it is recommended to monitor their development and remove them immediately if some changes occur.
Endometrial cancer occurs when the cells of the endometrium start to change and multiply. The main problem is that it is quite hard to diagnose it since cancerous cells usually look like normal endometrial cells. If left untreated, it may affect the whole uterus and its tissues will not be able to carry a child.
Unfortunately, endometrial cancer treatment can also impact your fertility. For example, the most common surgical treatment for endometrial cancer is a hysterectomy that means the removal of the uterus. Both chemotherapy and radiation therapy can also damage your reproductive health.