Endoscopic spinal surgery

Endoscopic Spinal Surgery provides a comprehensive, practical and timely review of the minimally invasive endoscopic surgical techniques used to treat conditions of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine. Recent advances in technology, together with improved clinical outcomes, have established percutaneous endoscopic spinal procedures as alternatives to traditional open spinal surgery. This text describes the most effective endoscopic techniques currently available and discusses indications, surgical approaches, complications, and clinical outcomes.

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